Open source cross-platform software of geometry, analysis and simulation - Yves Biton
Home - Constructions

Creation of a construction : Example 1

publication Saturday 5 February 2011.

Here we will explain how to create a construction on your own and how to use it.

Our goal is to create a construction which, given two points A and B and a numerical value ang, will create a triangle AMB rectangle in M such as angle BAM has ang for measure.

Let’s create a new figure with menu item File - New figure.

If necessary, use menu Options - Current figure to check that the angle unity of the figure is the degree.

Use icon to create a calculus named ang containing 30 for formula.

Create two free points with icon and give them A et B for name with icon .

Use icon to create the midpoint of segment [AB].

Use now icon to create the circle with center the former midpoint and going through point A.

Let’s now create the image point of point B through the rotation of center A and angle ang.

For this click on icon .

Now click on point A (rotation center) which starts blinking.

Click now on point B to create it’s image through the rotation.

Use now icon to create the half line with origin A and going through the last point created.

With intersection tool create the intersection between the circle and the half-line. Simply click at the intersection when displayed this intersection.

We will call this new point M (tool ).

Use icon to create segments [AB], [BM] et [MA] and icon to create a right angle mark in M (click on A, then M, then B).

Our figure is now ready to create the construction.

Use menu item Constructions - Source objects choice - Graphical.

Click on A, on B then right click (as indicated in the indication line on the bottom of the frame).

Use menu item Constructions >> Sources objects choice - Numerical.

A dialog box pops up.

The left list box contains numerical elements that can be chosen for sources objects. Click on ang the click on button Insert (you can also double-click on ang) then validate as shown underneath.

We must now indicate the final objects of our construction. In this example, final objects will only be graphical objects.

Mathgraph32 allows the user to choose for final objects exclusively objects created only with the sources objects.

Use menu item Constructions - Final objects choice - Graphical.

Click on point M, on the three segments, on the angle mark then right click.

To get the construction finalized, use menu item Constructions - Finish current construction.

Fill in the dialog box as shown :

Here are explanations about the informations entered in the edit text box.

The four first lines are explanations the user will get when pressing F7 key when using the construction.

The last three lines will indicate the user which is the source object he must indicate when implementing the construction.

Each indication starts with character # followed by the number of the object and a character : .

To be noticed : When implementing a construction, numerical objects are to be chosen first.

If you don’t delete this construction, it will be saved in the file with the figure but it is better if you save it in a mgc file on disk.

For this, use menu item Constructions - Save construction of figure to file.

A dialog box pops up, displaying all the constructions contained in the figure. Our only construction is already selected.

Click on button Save to save this construction in the directory of your choice (it is better to keep the samme name for the file as the construction itself).

We will now show how to implement this construction in another figure.

Use menu item File- New figure to create a new empty figure.

Use menu itemCalculus - New variable to create a variable named a with - 90 for mini value - 90, 90 for maxi value, 10 for increment step, 30 for current value and set the checkbox Associated dialog selected.

Create two free points with icon et name them C and D.

Use menu item Constructions - Implement construction from file and open the construction you saved before (you must browse to the directory where the mgc file was saved).

A dialog box pops up for the choice of the real value that will be the angle (named ang when the construction was created).

A dialog box pops up.

Click on a in the list as shown underneath.

Then click on points C and D. Pressing F7 key will make appear informations specified for this construction. These informations are very important for the user to understand what the construction is made for.

Now you can see the final objects created : the three segments, the point M and the right angle mark.

Clicking on buttons + et - of the little dialog box associated with the variable will modify the angle value in point C.

To be noticed : In more sophisticated constructions you can have also numerical final objects.

Using the F5 key (for the figure protocol ddiplay) and selecting the checkbox Trace through constructions you will see how the figure was created.

Intermediary objects cannot be used to create other objects, unless you use menu item Constructions - Merge constructions of the figure.

You can specify the file directory where your own constructions are saved.

The choici of this directory is available in menu item Options - Preferences in tab Constructions directory.

An important remark :

In an usal usage, free points are not supposed to become fianl objects, but, in some cases, it may be useful.

For a free point to become a final object, choose first the free point as graphical source object. The choose this point as final object.